History of blackjack
The exact emergence of blackjack is shrouded in mystery. There is no generally accepted origin story, but some believe the basis of the game was founded in France in the 1700s. The French game was called Vingt-et-Un which translated means 21. This game perhaps originates from the Chermin de Fer card game which was popular at the time. According to one theory the game originates from the Romans as they liked gambling themselves, but this has yet to be sufficiently proven. Blackjack owes its success to the North American Continent. In the 1800s the French colonists brought the game with them to the continent where it become popular and spread to casinos and bars. The French version remained the same and the rules and popularity of today’s blackjack is defined by the changes that occurred to the game on the American continent.
In the 20th century blackjack was still referred to as 21, but it changed to blackjack during this same period thanks to early marketing with which casinos tried to recruit new players. They offered extra money in the game for players outside of winnings if someone had 21, and this extra reward was referred to as blackjack. This reward is still used to this day meaning if we have 21 with an Ace, Jack, Queen, or a King we will receive 1.5x of the original bet. The popularity of the game has risen thanks to this and the new name has stuck forever.
There is one big difference between American and European blackjack: In the American version the dealer also receives 2 cards from the start while in the European version the dealer receives only 1. In the American version the dealer’s 1st card remains face down until their turn.